Republic of Moldova: Government

Government & Politics: Republic of Moldova

Moldova is a democratic and unitary republic. Since the territorial-administrative reform of 1999, it has been divided into ten districts ( jude?e ) and the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia. A special status is envisaged for the Transdniestrian region. The political system is mixed parliamentary-presidential, with the parliament (one hundred one representatives) and president both directly elected for a four-year period. The prime minister is appointed by the president only after the minister and his or her cabinet have received a vote of confidence from the parliamentary majority. The rights of the president to dissolve the parliament are very restricted. Some executive powers are vested in the president's hands: he or she can issue decrees and has special powers in defense and foreign policy. The delicate balance of power between parliament, government, and president is held to be responsible for the relatively high level of democracy as well as the blocking of important reform projects. Consequently, there have been discussions aimed at strengthening the powers of the president. Judicial powers are vested in the courts.

President of the Republic of Moldova
Igor Dodon was elected President of the Republic of Moldova on November 13, 2016.
Born on February 18, 1975 in Sadova village in the Calarasi District of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic.
Education:
  2006 : Scientific research coordinator, Institute of Economy, Finance and Statistics (IEFS).
  2002 : Received a PhD in Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova, Sub-Department of Banking and Stock Exchange.
  1998 : Graduated from the Academy of Economic Studies in Moldova, Department y of Management.
  1997 : Graduated from the State Agrarian University of Moldova, Department of Economics.
Proffessional activity:
  2011-Present : Member of the Moldovan Parliament, PSRM faction.
  2009-2011 : Member of the Moldovan Parliament, PCRM faction.
  2008-2009 : First Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Economy and Trade.
  2006-2008 : Minister of Economy and Trade.
  2005-2006 : Deputy Minister of Economy and Trade.
  2004-2005 : Member of the Arbitration Commission, the Stock Exchange of Moldova S.A.
  2003-2005 : Member of the Council of experts, National Securities Commission.
  2002-2005 : Chairman, member of the Board of Directors, Universal Commodity Exchange of Moldova.
  2001-2005 : Chairman, member of the Board of Directors, National Securities Depository of Moldova S.A.
  1997-2001 : Senior specialist in Clearing Department, senior specialist in Listing Department, administrator of electronic negotiation systems, Director of marketing, listing and quotation Division, Stock Exchange of Moldova S.A.
Political activity:
  2011-present : Chairman of the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM).
  June 2011 : Ran as PCRM candidate in the local elections for the position of general mayor of Chisinau.
  2010-2011 : Member of the Communists Party of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM).
Family status: Married, father of 3 children.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova
Pavel Filip, Prime Minister since 20 January 2016.
Born on 10 April, 1966 in Panasesti village, Straseni district, Republic of Moldova.
Education:
  1991-1996 : International Management Institute, Chisinau, Post University studies, diploma in international management, Republic of Moldova.
  1983-1990 : Polytechnic Institute of Moldova, mechanical engineering specialty, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova.
  1984-1986 : Military service.
Professional experience:
  January 2011-January 2016 : Minister of Information Technologies and Communications
  2008-2011 : Director General of "Tutun-CTC" JSC, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
  2009-2010 : National Confederation of Employers, Member of Council, Republic of Moldova
  2001-2008 : Director General of "Bucuria" JSC, Republic of Moldova
  1991-2001 : Chief Engineer, Deputy General Director for production and technology issues, Head of the Division, "Bucuria" JSC, Republic of Moldova.
Honors:
  December 2013 : Awarded with the Medal of the International Telecommunications Union, for his contribution to the development of information society.
  July 2014 : Order of Gloria Muncii conferred by the President of the Republic of Moldova.
Political Affiliation:
  December 2014-January 2015 : Member of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, Vice President of Committee for Economy, Budget and Finances.
  2010-present : Member of the Democratic Party of Republic of Moldova (DPM) and vice president of the Party; chairman of the Chisinau Municipal Organization of DPM
Family status: Married, father of 2 children.